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The Nature of Our God

The Names of Promise Part One

What’s in a Name?

Juliet: “What’s in a name? That which we call a rose
By any other name would smell as sweet.”

Romeo, out of his passion for Juliet, rejects his family name and vows, as Juliet asks, to “deny (his) father” and instead be “new baptized” as Juliet’s lover. This one short line encapsulates the central struggle and tragedy of the play. Romeo and Juliet (II, ii, 1-2)

A famous quote of Shakespeare’s perhaps, but Romeo was asking Juliet to take him, not his questionable Montague family name. Juliet replies that however Romeo is named, he would still be himself whom she loves.

Names can be deceiving, people can be misrepresented by the name or titles that they have. In this article we are going to study the Names of God, and His Names are not misleading nor is He misrepresented by them. The word “name” actually means, “a word constituting the distinctive designation of a person or thing or an embodiment of a reputation.” We believe that the Names of God are an actual description of His Divine Nature or Character. They are descriptions of Who He is which are depicted by what He has done or will do, (as in reputation). All of the names we are about to study from the Old Testament are revelations of God’s character received by the patriarchs of faith when He moved in their behalf to lead, provide or bless them in some way. Not only are these true and accurate names of God that reveal His character, but they are also Divine Promises of Who He is and Who He will always be. True, these Names are recordings of His mighty deeds, but they also are Divine Promises of Who He will be to us, if we only believe and trust Him to be Who He is in our lives. “To Be or Not To Be, that is the question” (taken a little out of context, but still illustrates the point). Whether or not these Promises are “to be” is totally up to us. We must believe and receive them on a daily basis. This is were our confession comes in, for the Bible tells us “the word of faith is nigh us (on our lips and in our heart), yes even in our mouth.” (Deuteronomy 30:14; Romans 10:8-10).

Dr. Herbert Lockyer writes in his book, All the Promises of the Bible:

In his Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words, W. E. Vine fives us the following interpretation of the words used for “promise.” Of the two nouns Vine says that there is—Epangelia, which is primarily a law term, denoting a summons (epi-upon; angelo, to proclaim, announce), also meant an undertaking to do or give something, a promise. It is used only of the promises of God except in Acts 23:21, “Looking for a promise from thee.” Frequently this term stands for the thing promised, and so signifies a gift graciously bestowed, not a pledge secured by negotiation; thus, in Galatians 3:14, “The promise of the Spirit” denotes “the promised Spirit” (see Luke 24:40′ Acts 2:23; Ephesians 1:13). “The promise of the eternal inheritance” is “The promised inheritance.” On the other hand, in Acts 1:4 “The promise of the Father” is “The promise made by the Father.” The plural “promises” is used because the one promise to Abraham was variously repeated (Galatians 3:16). “Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made.” (See Genesis 12:1-3; 13:14-17; 15:18; 17:1-14; 22:15-18). The plural is also used because it contained the germ of all subsequent promises (Romans 9:4; Hebrews 6:12; 7:6; 8:6; 11:17). In Galatians 3, Paul shows that the promise was conditional upon faith and not upon the fulfillment of the Law. The Law was later than and inferior to, the promise, and did not annul it (Galatians 3:21; 4:23, 28). Again, “the covenants of the promise” (Ephesians 2:12) does not indicate different covenants, but a covenant often renewed, all centering in Christ as the promised Messiah-Redeemer, and comprising the blessings to be bestowed through Him. The plural is likewise used, in Hebrews, of every promise made by god, and of special promises mentioned in 7:6, “Blessed him that had the promises” and 11:33, “Who through faith . . . obtained promises.” For other applications of the word see Ephesians 6:2; 1st Timothy 4:8; 2nd Timothy 1:1; Hebrews 4:1; 2nd Peter 3:4,9. Some have this word meaning “message” instead of angelia, as in 1st John 1:5. Vine goes on to state that the occurrences of the word in relation to Christ and what centers in Him, may be arranged thus: (1) The contents of the promise—Acts 26:2,3; Romans 4:20; and 1st John 2:25; (2) The heirs of the promise—Romans 9:8; 15:8; Galatians 3:29 and Hebrews 11:9. (3) the conditions of the promise—Romans 4:13,14; Galatians 3:14-22 and Hebrews 10:36. Epangelma denotes a Promise made by God—“Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises” 2nd Peter 1:4; “According to His promise” 2nd Peter 3:13. As to the other verbs that are used of the English word “promise: we have Epangello, meaning to announce or proclaim. In the new Testament this word has two meanings—to profess and to promise. Proepangello denotes “to promise before”, Homologeo means “to agree, confess” and finally the last word Exomologeo means “to agree openly, to acknowledge outwardly, or fully”. A further consideration of the substance or nature of a promise leads us to say that a mere mental decision to bestow a benefit is not a promise. If the resolution of the mind is to be constituted a promise, then it must be intimated to the person for whom the benefit was planned. This expression of an inward resolution can be covered to be beneficial in many ways—by a verbal declaration, or by writing, or by other ways of expressing the intention of one’s mind. All God’s promises are in written form in His Word, which is the only authentic revelation of the divine mind and purpose the world has (Romans 1:2). Once the thought-over promise is declared, then with its intimation, the promise becomes promissory or binding. The written form of the promise becomes what is known as “the promissory note,”that is, a written promise to fulfill the declared benefit. Every divine promise is a “promissory note”. Sometimes there is superadded to a promise the appeal to the God of Truth, as when an oath is taken in a Law-Court, “So help me God.” This is supposed to indicate the sincerity of the promiser to perform his promise, which becomes a “promissory oath”. If one fails to fulfill such a solemn pledge then the violation becomes the guilt of perjury. Because of all God is in Himself, no oath is necessary, yet we read that He confirmed His promise with “an oath” (Hebrews 6:17). The God we love and serve is the God of Truth, and requires truth as one of the virtues of His intelligent offspring. “God is not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent; hat he said, and shall he not do it? Or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good?” (Numbers 23:19). “For when God made [His] promise to Abraham, He swore by Himself, since He had no one greater by whom to swear, saying, ‘Blessing I certainly will bless you and multiplying I will multiply you’” (Hebrews 6:13,14; Genesis 22:16,17).Added.

 So we can see how important it is for us to confess His Divine Promises and what better way than to live out His characteristics, nature and Good Name. Being called “Christians”, we have to guard against “taking His Name in vain”, and we will expound on that a little later. Proverbs 22:1 and Ecclesiastes 7:1 tell us there is good fortune of having a good name. They tell us that a name of high quality is more desirable than precious perfume, great wealth or riches. How would one get such a name? Some are fortunate enough to be born under a good name in which they receive through their “birthright”. Others take on a good name by being added to such a family through adoption or marriage, such as our example of Juliet and Romeo. Thanks be to God, we obtain our new nature and more favorable name by being born again and through our union with the Lamb of God. 2nd Corinthians 5:17 says, “Therefore if any person is [ingrafted] in Christ (the Messiah)he is a new creation (a new creature altogether); the old [previous moral and spiritual condition] has passed away. Behold, the fresh and new has come!”

2nd Peter 1:3-4 says, “For His (God’s) divine power has bestowed on us all things that [are requisite and suited] to life and godliness, through the [full, personal] knowledge of Him Who called us by and to His own glory and excellence (virtue). By means of these He has bestowed on us His precious and exceedingly great promises, so that through them we may escape [by flight] from the moral decay (rottenness and corruption) that is in the world because of covetousness (lust and greed), and become sharers (partakers) of the divine nature.” We will return to these “precious and exceedingly great promises” in the Names of God a little bit later in the article, but first let us take a hard look at our own nature and how it separates us from God through sin.

It doesn’t take us long to find out what type of character or nature man had, it was exposed in the very beginning of his existence. Genesis 3 tells us all about it.

 The Blame Game

In the Beginning” God places Adam and his woman (named Eve later on) in the Garden of Eden. He instructs them that they can eat of any tree in the Garden except the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. The serpent, who was more subtle and crafty than any living creature of the field which the Lord God had made, beguiles Eve and convinces her to eat of the forbidden fruit from the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. After she has eaten of the fruit, she gives it to Adam and he also eats of it. Immediately their eyes are opened, they realize that they are naked, make clothing for themselves out of the foliage of the Garden and hid themselves from God. When God questions them, Who told you that you were naked?” (remember this for later on), Adam says, “The woman whom You gave to be with me—she gave me [fruit] from the tree, and I ate.” Then God questioned Eve about her actions and she said, “The serpent beguiled (cheated, outwitted, and deceived) me, and I ate. Here’s a note: The way the serpent “outwitted” Eve, was that he told her that if she ate from the Tree, she would not die as God said, but actually become as God. She became dissatisfied with what she was and lusted for more . . . to be as God. What we see here is that as soon as the world’s first couple ate of the forbidden fruit, yes, they gained the recognition of their nakedness, but they also became unwilling to own up to their responsibilities and admit their wrong. They blamed others for their sin; Adam blamed God (the woman YOU gave me) and Eve; the woman blamed the serpent (the serpent beguiled me). Could it be that this disturbing behavior is what ostracized them from God and was the reason they were evicted from the Garden of Eden? They didn’t show any repentance, only finger pointing and blame shifting. Pride has to be at the root of this type of behavior and God hates pride. If Adam, the head of the woman, would have taken the responsibility of his rebellion to God’s instructions things may have turned out quite a bit differently. But instead of a repentant attitude, another attitude arose and the Blame Game was on. Oddly enough the serpent didn’t blame anyone else, he just sat there quietly and took the blame (and his curse). Verse 21 tells us that the Lord God made them clothing of skins to cover their nakedness. This should have cut Adam to the core, for he actually named all the living creatures God had made and because of his sin some had to lose their lives. I’ve often thought of how that must have effected him, did it make his heart soft with sorrow or hardened it towards God? Nothing is recorded about it, so we are left to assume it didn’t bother him as it should. Nevertheless, it was the first shedding of blood and death Adam had ever seen and unfortunately, there was more to come.

 Jealousy Raises It’s Ugly Head

Genesis 4 tells us the story of Cain and Abel. Cain was the firstborn and was a tiller of the ground. Abel was the second son and a keeper of the flocks. When it came time to worship the Lord God with sacrificial offerings (I’m guessing it was the first Sunday of the month), Cain chose to give God the fruit of his hands, a grain offering. Abel brought God the firstborn of his flocks and the (choice) fat portions. I’m sure Adam had instructed his sons in the way they were to worship the Lord God, but Cain chose to worship his way instead of the way he was instructed. Verses 4 and 5 tell us that God had respect and regard Abel and his offering, but did not for Cain and his offering. This snubbing of Cain’s offering infuriated him and lead him to murder Abel out in the field. When God asked Cain where his brother Abel was, Cain said to God, “I don’t know. Am I my brother’s keeper?” Cain received a curse for taking his brother’s life in a jealous rage as well as his apathetic response when questioned by God. He was told to leave the family and although God did spare his life, the damage had already been done. So here we see more of man’s nature; pride, jealousy, murder and once again, refusal to take responsibility for one’s actions. From that point on God gave His People sundry laws and practices (over 600 in number) to try and cover their sin so they could fellowship with Him, but all failed. Eventually leading to the total annihilation of mankind through the flood, sparing only the family of Noah (Genesis 8-11).

 After the ark had landed, Noah also sinned and the way his son Ham handled the discovery of Noah’s sin, brought on yet another curse this time upon Ham and he, too, was sent away from the family. Noah had gotten drunk on the grapes from his vineyard and Ham saw him “asleep” and naked. Ham “told” his brothers of his father’s behavior and they took a blanket and backing up to Noah, covered his nakedness. This word “told” here is the same word used when God asked Adam and Eve who told them that they were naked. Interestingly enough both situations dealt with nakedness as well as a curse for sin. When Noah “woke up” he cursed Ham for his behavior and sent him away. This word “told” in both instances is translated from a Hebrew word “nagad” which has several meanings. Some include, “to be manifest, show and tell, declare, proclaim, celebrate with praise and betray.” Obviously Ham disrespected Noah and therefore God as well with his attitude much like the serpent did in “telling” Adam and Eve of their nakedness. God never blesses that type of attitude, thus the two curses. Actually, this is the first mention of sin in a world that was just cleansed from all sin by the flood. It parallels the first sin of mankind in the Garden of Eden.

Anyway, Ham had many sons, two of which were Canaan and Cush. We can surmise by the name of Canaan that his descendents were an obvious problem for God’s Chosen People, but the descendents of Cush also caused a ruckus. Cush begat Nimrod, who began to be a mighty one in the earth. Nimrod decided to build a tower into the heavens so he could make a “name” for himself. This tower was called “Babel” because God confounded their language and scattered them abroad upon the face of the earth before the tower was completed. Mankind continually manifested a selfish, prideful and deceitful nature. This brief overview of Biblical history now brings us to Abram and Sarai, which we will pick back up a little later on in this article.

 Unfortunately, once reminded of this carnal nature, we can surely recognize it in our own lives. We war with this nature every hour of every day. In Romans 7, Paul says, “When we were living in the flesh (mere physical lives), the sinful passions that were awakened and aroused up by what] the Law [makes sin] were constantly operating in our natural powers (in our bodily organs, in the sensitive appetites and wills of the flesh), so that we bore fruit for death. But now we are discharged from the Law and have terminated all intercourse with it, having died to what once restrained and held us captive. So now we serve not under [obedience to] the old code of written regulations, but [under obedience to the promptings] of the Spirit in newness [of life]” (Verses 5,6). “We know that the Law is spiritual; but I (Paul) am a creature of the flesh [carnal, unspiritual], having been sold into slavery under [the control of] sin. For I do not understand my own actions [I am baffled, bewildered]. I do not practice or accomplish what I wish, but I do the very thing that I loathe [which my moral instinct condemns] (Verses 14,15). “O unhappy and pitiable and wretched man that I am! Who will release and deliver me from [the shackles of] this body of death? O thank God! [He will!] through Jesus Christ (the Anointed One) our Lord! So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin” (Verses 24,25).

Romans 8 tells us in verses 4-9, “So that the righteous and just requirement of the Law might be fully met in us who live and move not in the ways of the flesh but in the ways of the Spirit [our lives are governed not by the standards and according to the dictates of the flesh, but controlled by the Holy Spirit]. For those who are according to the flesh and are controlled by its unholy desires set their minds on and pursue those things which gratify the flesh, but those who are according to the Spirit and are controlled by the desires of the Spirit set their minds on and seek those things which gratify the [Holy Spirit]. Now the mind of the flesh [which is sense and reason without the Holy Spirit] is death [death that comprises all the miseries arising from sin, both here and hereafter]. But the mind of the [Holy] Spirit is life and [soul] peace [both now and forever]. [That is] because the mind of the flesh [with its carnal thoughts and purposes] is hostile to God, for it does not submit itself to God’s Law; indeed it cannot. So then those who are living the life of the flesh [catering to the appetites and impulses of their carnal nature] cannot please or satisfy God, or be acceptable to Him. But you are not living the life of the flesh, you are living the life of the Spirit, if the [Holy] Spirit of God [really] dwells within you [directs and controls you]. But if anyone does not possess the [Holy] Spirit of Christ, he is none of His [he does not belong to Christ, is not truly a child of God.] But if Christ lives in you, [then although] your [natural] body is dead by reason of sin and guilt, the spirit is alive because of [the] righteousness [that He imputes to you].”

So for us to know more about our new name, character and nature, we search out what the nature is of our beloved, Jesus and His Father, God. We also must find out what their Nature and Character is before we can know who we are through our new nature. Thus the purpose of this study. Once we really find out who God and His Son Jesus Christ ARE, we can find out who WE ARE in them. Identity Crisis Solved. We can live supernaturally in a natural world with the Nature of God through His Name.

His Name is a Shelter that changes our perspective

Proverbs 18:10-12 says, “The name of the Lord is a strong tower; the [consistently] righteous man [upright and in right standing with God] runs into it and is safe, high [above evil] and strong. The rich man’s wealth is his strong city, and as a high protecting wall in his own imagination and conceit. Haughtiness comes before disaster, but humility before honor.”

This word “safe” means to be in an aloft position. So when the righteous man (standing in the Righteousness of Jesus {Jehovah-Tsidkenu}, which is the only way we have right standing with God, because our righteousness is as filthy rags to Him) runs into the Strong Tower of the Lord’s Name, his position changes from being “under the circumstances” to a higher, more elevated perspective. Have you ever been in a small plane (or larger one for that matter) and looked down at the town or city where you live? In that higher elevation the large buildings or landmarks are so small, it’s amusing. You see the miniature cars and trucks crawling around on the roads with the tiny little houses, etc. Even large obstacles look to be easily overcome.

Well, that’s how it is in the Name, the Strong Tower, of God. All of a sudden, we are “on top of the world” which is similar to looking down from a sky-scraper on our problems and circumstances on the street below. Our position is in God’s heavenly places, not in the natural world which is governed by our feelings and emotions. This is the nature of God working in our lives. We are immersed in His character, authority and ability, which is far above ours. We operate in His thoughts, His ways, His world.

Name Above All Other Names

We call ourselves “Christians” which means we have the nature and character of Christ.

In Ephesians 1:15-23, Paul prays for the church that by having the eyes of our heart flooded with light so we can know and understand the hope to which He has called us and how rich is His glorious inheritance in the saints (His set-apart ones). And [so that we can know and understand] what is the immeasurable and unlimited and surpassing greatness of His power in and for us who believe, as demonstrated in the working of His mighty strength. Which He (God) exerted in Christ when He raised Him from the dead and seated Him at His [own] right hand in the heavenly [places]. And that Christ is far above all rule and authority and power and dominion and every name that is named [above every title that can be conferred], not only in this age and in this world, but also in the age and the world which are to come.

Here are some other notable scriptures about the Name of the Lord:

Abram (before God changed his name to Abraham) called on the name of the Lord and worshiped Him at an altar he built in Bethel. Which brought on God’s blessing covenant (Genesis 13).

Jacob wrestled for a blessing from God and received it besides a new name as well. Jacob’s name, which meant “Supplanter” for his deceit, was now changed to Israel which meant “Prince of God”. He was “touched in the hollow of his thigh” and walked with a limp from that day forth, therefore always reminded of how his life was totally changed (Genesis 28).

 God told Moses that he was to tell the people of Israel that “I AM has sent me to you”. Then He told Moses, “This shall you say to the Israelites: ‘The Lord, the God of your fathers, of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, has sent me to you!’ This is My name forever, and by this name I am to be remembered to all generations.”

God also gave Moses the 10 Commandments (twice), of which the 3rd is “Thou shalt not take the Lord’s name in vain” (Exodus 20:7; Deut. 5:11). We believe that this commandment deals with more than just using the Lord’s name in cursing, which we are not to do, but also using His name for vanity (self promotion or to our advantage) for ourselves. Using it falsely for favor or any other usage that would selfishly bring us an advantage from or over other people. If we call ourselves Christians, yet do whatever we want in pleasing our flesh and deliberately sin, this is the epitome of using the Lord’s Name in vain.

In the 150 Psalms there are over 100 statements made about His “name” and here are just a few:

O Lord, our Lord, how majestic is your name in all the earth (8:1,9).

I will sing praise to your name, O Most High (9:2b).

Some trust in chariots, and some in horses; but we will remember (trust in) the name of the Lord our God (20:7).

I will wait on the thy name (52:9).

His name shall endure forever (72:19).

Unite my heart to fear thy name (86:11)

Give to the Lord the glory due His name (96:8).

Be thankful and bless His name (100:4).

The nations will fear the name of the Lord (102:15).

Give thanks unto thy holy name (106:47).

Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord (118:26).

Our help is in the name of the Lord (124:8).

Your name, O Lord, endures forever (135:13).

Let them praise the name of the Lord, for His name alone is exalted; His glory is above the earth and heaven (148:13).

Let them praise His name in the dance . . . (149:3).

 The Names of God

When we first look at the Names of God, we study these first: Elohim, Adonai, Shaddai, El Olam, El Elyon, Qanna and Ishi. Then there are the “Jehovahs” or hyphenated names such as Jehovah-jireh. Although there seems to be some discrepancies on Shaddai and Jehovah-El Shaddai. Since I am not a Hebrew scholar we will just rely on the expertise of Dr. Herbert Lockyer to direct us to the Jehovahs proper translations through his book, “All the Promises of the Bible” Copyrighted in 1962 by Zondervan Publishing House. Also a very helpful and insightful book has been “Names of God” by Nathan Stone, Copyrighted in 1944 by Moody Press of the Moody Bible Institute. We have also used the help of the Blue Letter Bible Study Tools to balance out our research.

We do not claim to know all of God’s names or their exact meanings, in fact, we believe that every day His Divine Nature is revealed to someone and that could be coined in another name. It will take eternity to know our God, but these Names of Promise can certainly point us in the right direction.

Dr. Lockyer points out that “God” is translated from Elohim 2570 times in the scriptures, Adonai 134 times, and Shaddai 39 times. Now because our God is so big, we certainly can’t expect that just a few names in the English language will describe His total, awesome Character. Therefore we will look at many of these names, and as we do, I’m sure we will find many more. **As the name “Jehovah” indicates, it is an ever-revealing and perpetual knowledge of our God. Thank God we have all eternity for that privilege.

**Meaning and Derivation: Jehovah is translated as “The Existing One” or “Lord.” The chief meaning of Jehovah is derived from the Hebrew word Havah meaning “to be” or “to exist.” It also suggests “to become” or specifically “to become known” – this denotes a God who reveals Himself unceasingly.

Jehovah is used 6823 times in the scriptures, so some of the “Jehovahs” might overlap, or have very similar meanings. For instance, Jehovah means “The Lord”, yet Adonai also means “My Lord”. We believe that there is a difference between Him being ‘The Lord’ over all the earth and being ‘My Lord’ in my personal life. Jehovah-Ra-ah (The Shepherd) and Jehovah-Rohi (My Shepherd) are also somewhat similar, yet different. Many of His Names are very similar, such as Shaddai, God Almighty (powerful in deed) and Elohim, God the Almighty (Creator, Ruler of the universe). I thank God for the personalization of these descriptive Names of Promise that are woven into a big beautiful tapestry. I suppose you could think of Him as having multiple personalities, but only in a good way. We will see the same pattern when we study the names of Jesus (Yeshua) because He is the culmination of all of the Names of Promise plus more.

As God told Moses in Genesis 3, “I AM WHO I AM and WHAT I AM, and I WILL BE WHAT I WILL BE”. He is our everything, but to really appreciate what that means, we want to delve into His Word and divide it into digestible pieces so we can understand a little more of His Character. Paul said, “I want to know Christ and the power of His resurrection and the fellowship of sharing in His sufferings, becoming like Him in His death, and so, somehow , to attain to the resurrection from the dead” (Philippians 3:10 NIV). Jesus prayed to His Father in John 17:3, “This is eternal life: [it means] to know (to perceive, recognize, become acquainted with, and understand) You, the only true and real God, and [likewise] to know Him, Jesus [as the] Christ (the Anointed One, the Messiah), Whom You have sent.”

 First, let us take a look at Elohim, which means the “Lord My God” which is how God the Creator (Gen 1) and many of the references to God are translated in the Old Testament. “El” is used over 250 times by itself to represent God in His mighty power and deliverance, such as bringing the Children of Israel out of Egypt. We’ll see it later combined with Shaddai which also gives the name El-Shaddai the “Almighty” title. So in these (Elohim) passages, God is referred to as the Supreme Being, Ruler of the universe, One and only true God, that is far above any other gods. There is one other striking peculiarity in the name Elohim. It is in the plural. It has the usual Hebrew ending for all masculine nouns in the plural. According to this definition, Elohim also includes the Trinity, the full Godhead. In Genesis 1:26; 3:22, “Let US make man in OUR image . . . .Behold, man has become one of US.” So we see that Jehovah at the beginning of creation is called Elohim.

 Then there is Adonai, “the Lord my Lords”, which is translated in small letters following the capital “L” instead of all capital letters, and notice, it is also plural. It frequently depicts the relational side of God in the Old Testament and was used many times by King David in the Psalms. This is the side of God that David fell in love with and worshiped in his tabernacle (skin house) out on the mountainside (FYI: This is that Tabernacle of David, the Covenant God made with David, that Peter referred to {Acts 15:14-18} whose restoration was spoken of by the Prophets). It was Adonai who said that David was a man after His own heart. David knew many of God’s Names of Promise too, especially Jehovah-Rohi, the Lord My Shepherd and Jehovah-Goaleka, the Lord My Redeemer. Also, let’s not forget that King David was not just a lover, he was a fighter too. So his personal knowledge of Jehovah-Nissi, the Lord My Banner (and Shield) and Jehovah-Isabaoth, the Lord of Hosts made him a mighty warrior and leader.

The first appearance of Shaddai is found in Genesis 17:1. In this passage, the Almighty God, Shaddai, revealed Himself to Abram and changed his name to Abraham. He then made the covenant with Abraham and promised him that he would be the father of many nations. Other scriptures with the Shaddai reference to God’s nature of the “Almighty” are: Genesis 28:3 which is the blessing of Jacob by Isaac; Exodus 6 when God was instructing Moses about dealing with Pharaoh; and in Revelation 1:8; 4:8; 11:17, when God Almighty was revealing King Jesus, the Lamb of God, to Saint John the Divine. The word “almighty” means, “having absolute power over all, and to be relatively unlimited in power”. When used as a name the “a” is capitalized and it is accompanied by “the” (illustrated) The Almighty (God). This distinction just adds to the designation that He is the absolute, most powerful God everlasting.

Another expressive compound of the name of ”Shaddai” is El Shaddai, the exact meaning of which is uncertain. Scofield says that its etymological definition is both interesting and touching and suggest that El means “strength” or “The Strong One,” while Shaddai is derived from the Hebrew word “Shad” meaning, “The Breast” and is so used of this female organ (Gen.49:25). Other authorities affirm that Shaddai is derived from a root meaning “to overthrow,” and could thus imply “The Destoyer,” a play on the sound being found in “destruction from the Almighty” (Isaiah 13:6). Traditionally, El Shaddai is rendered “God Almighty,” and stands for His Almightiness. Sh implies “He who is” and Dai means “all sufficient”.

Again, Scofield’s interpretation offers a profitable application: “Shaddai” primarily means “The Breasted One” and suggests God as The Nourisher, The Strength-Giver, The Satisfier, who pours Himself into believing lives. As a fretful, unsatisfied babe is not only strengthened and nourished from the mother’s breast, but also quieted, rested, satisfied, so El Shaddai is that name of God which sets Him forth as The Strength-Giver and Satisfier of His people. There are times that El Shaddai appears as Jehovah-El Shaddai, but it still bears the same promise.


El (The Almighty, Chief, Strong) Olam (el o-lawm’)
The Everlasting God, The God of Eternity, The God of the Universe, The God of Ancient Days

Use in the Bible:El Olam is first used in Gen 21:33.

Strong’s Reference: 5769

El Olamin the Septuagint:[ho] theos [ho] aiônios — the everlasting God

Meaning and Derivation:El is another name that is translated as “God” and can be used in conjunction with other words to designate various aspects of God’s character. Olam derives from the root word ‘lm (which means “eternity”). Olam literally means “forever,” “eternity,” or “everlasting”. When the two words are combined — El Olam — it can be translated as “The Eternal God.”

The first reference of the name of God, El Olam, is in Genesis 21 where Abraham makes a covenant with Abimelech the Philistine. Abimelech recognized that God was with Abraham in everything he did and did not want any false dealings with him, his son or his son’s son. My old Bible I bought in 1971 is a World Press King James Version in big print and has some great scriptural references. One of the references to “everlasting God” is Genesis 4:26. So I turned to this passage and it is telling of Seth, who was the next child of Adam after Cain killed Abel. Seth had a son named Enos(h) and the passage says, “then began men to call upon the name of the Lord”. Then there is a notation to explain that statement and it says, “(men began) to call themselves by the name of the Lord.” Isaiah 26:1-4 says, “In that day this song will be sung in the land of Judah: ‘We have a strong city; God will appoint salvation for walls and bulwarks. Open the gates, that the righteous nation which keeps the truth may enter in. You will keep him in perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on You, because he trusts in You. Trust in the Lord forever, for in Yah, the Lord, is everlasting strength . . .’” The Amplified Version of verse 4 says, “So trust in the Lord (commit yourself to Him) forever; for the Lord God is an everlasting Rock [the Rock of Ages]” which is interpreted from El Olam.

Isaiah prophesies in chapter 30, “Woe to the rebellious children, says the Lord, who take counsel and carry out a plan, but not Mine, and who make a league and pour out a drink offering, but not of My Spirit, this adding sin to sin; who set out to go down to Egypt, and have not asked Me—to flee to the stronghold of Pharaoh and to strengthen themselves in his strength and to trust in the shadow of Egypt. For Egypt’s help is worthless and toward no purpose. Therefore I have called her Rahab Who Sits Still. Now, go, write it before them on a tablet and inscribe it in a book, that it may be as a witness for the time to come forevermore. For this is a rebellious people, faithless and lying sons, children who will not hear the law and instruction of the Lord . . . For thus said the Lord God, the Holy One of Israel: In returning [to Me] and resting [in Me] you shall be saved; in quietness and in [trusting] confidence shall be your strength. But you would not, and you said, ‘No! We will speed [our own course] on horses!’ Therefore you will speed [in flight from your enemies]! You said, ‘We will ride upon swift steeds [doing our own way]!’ Therefore will they who pursue you be swift . . .And therefore the Lord [earnestly] waits [expecting, looking, and longing] to be gracious to you; and therefore He lifts Himself up, that He may have mercy on you and show loving-kindness to you. For the Lord is a God of justice. Blessed (happy, fortunate, to be envied) are all those who [earnestly] wait for Him, who expect and look and long for Him [for His victory, His favor, His love, His peace, His joy, and His matchless, unbroken companionship]! O people of Zion at Jerusalem, you will weep no more. He will surely be gracious to you at the sound of your cry; when He hears it, He will answer you. And though the Lord gives you the bread of adversity and the water of affliction, yet your Teacher will not hide Himself any more, but your eyes will constantly behold you Teacher. And your ears will hear a word behind you, saying, This is the way; walk in it, when you turn to the right hand and when you turn to the left.”

Isaiah continues in chapter 31, “Woe to those who go down to Egypt for help, who relay on horses and trust in chariots because they are many and in horsemen because they are very strong, but they look not the the Holy One of Israel, nor seek and consult the Lord! Now the Egyptians are men and not God, and their horses are flesh and not spirit; and when the Lord stretches out His hand, both [Egypt] who helps will stumble, and [Judah] who is helped will fall, and they will all perish and be consumed together.”

In Psalm 20, David writes, “May the Lord answer you in the day of trouble! May the name of the God of Jacob set you up on high [and defend you]; send you help from the sanctuary and support, refresh, and strengthen you from Zion; remember all your offerings and accept your burnt sacrifice. Selah [pause and think of that]! May He grant you according to your heart’s desire and fulfill all your plans. We will [shout in] triumph at your salvation and victory, and in the name of our God we will set up our banners. May the Lord fulfill all your petitions. Now I know that the Lord saves His anointed; He will answer him from His holy heaven with the saving strength of His right hand. Some trust in and boast of chariots and some of horses, but will will trust in and boast of the name of the Lord our God. They are bowed down and fallen, but we are risen and stand upright. O Lord, give victory; let the King answer us when we call.”

Yes, I know that was a truck load of scriptures, but to summarize it we can be confident of these things:

When God builds the city, it is strong and we can have His unflappable peace when we stay (keep) our mind on Him. We can trust and commit ourselves to Him because He is the everlasting Rock and eternal God.

We bring woe upon ourselves when we try to carry out our own plan, without even asking God for counsel. Then we get into trouble, we don’t trust Him and go to Egypt (the world) for help, trusting in their horses and chariots for our help. Their “strength” is of no help to us and to no purpose.

The Lord longs for us to ask Him for help because He is earnestly and expectantly waiting to bless us and be gracious to us. Our behavior kindles is Qanna (Jealous) side when we ignore His counsel and try to do things in our own strength and even makes it worse when we go to the worldly for help.

I’m starting to believe that knowing the Lord as El Olam, the Everlasting God, is a lot about trusting Him. The Amplified Version always uses these parenthesized words (trusts in, clings to and relies on) after every word “believe” reference in the scriptures. Similarly, every time the word “trust” is used in a verse, the words “lean on and have confidence in” are also used. I have to admit, it does become a little tiresome when reading (especially out loud) these repetitive phrases, but if we really did trust in, cling to and rely on Christ Jesus every time we said we believed; and leaned on and had confidence in Him every time we said, “Lord, I trust You”our lives would probably be very different.

I enjoy thinking about our El Olam as being our Everlasting Rock too. Here are some scriptural references to Him being our Rock:

Exodus 17:6, God tells Moses to strike the rock of flint to bring forth water for the Children of Israel. Unfortunately, in Numbers 20:8-10 He tells Moses to speak to the rock for water and Moses disobeys and strikes the rock not once but twice (out of anger). Because of this sin of disobedience Moses was not allowed to lead the Children of Israel into the Promised Land. Since this was a symbol of what was going to happen to Jesus, and He was smitten only once for the Living Water, Moses actually blasphemed God in striking it twice ( is what I found through research). Later in Exodus 17, Joshua and his men were fighting the Amalekites and as long as Moses kept his rod lifted up, Joshua’s men were winning the battle. But as the battle waged on, his arms gave into exhaustion and the rod lowered. Aaron and Hur sat Moses on a rock and each held up one of Moses’ hands until the battle was won.

Exodus 33:22, God invites Moses to “stand upon the cleft of a rock in a place beside Me” when God answers Moses’ desire to see God’s glory. This word, rock also means “the edge” like you would make on a sharp knife as well as a rock “of refuge”. There are many sermons here, but I like the thought of Moses being on the edge in a very uncomfortable, cramped, and scary place. Sometimes we have to be in these types of places in our walk with God to really see His glory. The wind is howling, our balance is challenged, it is all so unfamiliar; then just to make matters a little more uneasy, God covers our face with His Hand. Now we really don’t know where we are and have to put our unconditional trust in Him to lead us to safety. David spoke many times of the Lord securing his steps under him by making his feet like hind’s feet (split hoofed) so he could keep his balance and make it through the high rocky places to safety (Ps 18:33,36; 37:23,31; 56:13; 73:2; 116:8).

Deuteronomy 32, The Song of Moses told of the victories and explained that the enemies “rock” was not like the Israelites “Rock” and even the enemies realized this truth.

2nd Samuel 22, David sang to the Lord the words of this song when the Lord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul. He said: “The Lord is my rock, my fortress and my deliverer; my God is my rock, in whom I take refuge, my shield and the horn of my salvation. For You, O Lord, are my Lamp; the Lord lightens my darkness. For by You I run through a troop; by my God I leap over a wall. As for God, His way is perfect; the word of the Lord is tried. He is a Shield to all those who trust and take refuge in Him. For who is God but the Lord? And who is a Rock except our God? God is my strong Fortress; He guides the blameless in His way and sets him free. He makes my feet like the hinds’ [firm and stable]; He sets me secure and confident upon the heights.”

Psalm 62:2,7;71:3, He is the Rock of our salvation, the Rock of our strength, refuge and fortress.

Matthew 7:24,25, A person who does what Jesus commands is like a wise man who builds his house upon a rock. When the rains come, it withstands all the adversity. Note: The Sand is just small pieces of the rock. Unlike “Prudential Insurance” a “piece of the rock” is not good enough. Why just have a piece when you can have the whole Rock? We need to be sure our Christian lives aren’t built on just pieces (a piece here and a piece there) of the rock (truth), but the Rock (whole truth).

Matthew 16:13-19, The revelation Peter had that Jesus was “the Christ, the Son of the living God” is the rock (not ‘Peter’) on which He is building His Church (sorry Padre). This also is the “key” to successful loosing and binding. Obviously Peter wasn’t too “rock like” just four short verses later (‘Get thee behind me Satan’) or at Christ’s crucifixion (‘No, *#^*#, I don’t know the man’—Matt 26:74). Thank God for His mercy and the power of His Holy Spirit!! Peter did turn out to be a “rock” to help build the Church, he just needed a little repentance and power, which means there is hope for us!

There are plenty more “rock” references in the scriptures, some even that tell us that Jesus can be a rock of offense or stumbling block to those who can’t believe on Him (Isa 8:14,15; Romans 9:33; 1st Peter 2:8). And if we fall on the Stone (Jesus), we can be broken (good), but if we wait for the Stone to fall on us, we’ll be ground into powder (bad) Luke 20:17,18. Isn’t it curious that Jesus used stones as the inanimate objects that would cry out His praises if He silenced the people when admonished by the Pharisees in Luke 19:40. Another interesting reference is “He that is without sin among you first cast a stone at her” in John 8:7 especially since the stones were objects of condemnation, judgment and death towards the woman caught in adultery.

Don’t you just love His Word? The Word of God was there in the beginning o our world (John 1:1) and will be there throughout to the end.(Rev 22:13). Psalm 119:89 begins “Your word, O Lord, is eternal; it stands firm in the heavens. Your faithfulness continues through all generations; you established the earth, and it endures. Your laws endure to this day, for all things serve you. If your law had not been my delight, I would have perished in my affliction. I will never forget your precepts, for by them you have preserved my life. Save me, for I am yours; I have sought out your precepts. The wicked are waiting to destroy me, but I will ponder your statutes. To all perfection I see a limit; but your commands are boundless. Oh, how I love your law! I meditate on it all day long. Your commands make me wiser that my enemies, for they are ever with me. . . .Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light for my path. I have taken an oath and confirmed it, that I will follow your righteous laws . . . Your statutes are my heritage forever; they are the joy of my heart. My heart is set on keeping your decrees to the very end.”

I have always loved the two part advantage of having the Word as our source of guidance.

First of all, “Your word is a lamp unto my feet” gives us the daily understanding and guidance we need to navigate throughout each day. The daily grind, so to speak of repetitive chores and duties such as our jobs and our daily decisions at home with our families. Sometimes it’s easy to believe something good will happen down the line, but what about now? What about today? Then comes the second part; (Your word is). . . a light unto my path.” which gives us the desire and motivation of moving towards an end, a positive glorious end. Proverbs 29:18 tells us, “with no vision, the people perish”. This word “vision” simply means “a dream, mental perception, revelation or visualization”. This word “perish” means “to loosen, expose, go back, make naked or absolve”.

So without our Godly dream or revelation, we will basically have all the reasons to give up. Our spirits are stripped naked, disappointed with a misconception of what we thought (or were told) would happen and didn’t. How many, many times has this happened to Christians. Often times it’s because we put our trust in man and not God. Once we take our eyes off Jesus and put them on another person, we are opening up ourselves for major disappointment.

This dream, revelation or visualization is also something that helps us day by day, but really is more focused on the future, where we are heading, what are target is so to speak.

Remember when we were little and had career day at school, when all these people from different jobs came in to inspire us? The inevitable question always came out, “what do you want to be when you grow up?” Well that is our vision. So, “what do you want to be in God when you grow up?” God gives us all a dream or a desire He places in our hearts. Many times, He will give us talents to go along with that calling. We cannot stop believing in God’s purpose for us or we will perish. Maybe not physically (right away) but our desire for life will melt away, leaving behind a life hardly worth living on this world for sure.

We must pray, “Lord give us our daily bread (strength to deal with today). . . and renew a right spirit within me (attitude to deal with getting to tomorrow).” This all has to do with believing and trusting in our Rock of Ages, Everlasting and Eternal God—El Olam, and encouraging one another and ourselves. Paul told the Ephesians(5:19) to encourage one another and to, “Speak out to one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, offering praise with voices [and instruments] and making melody with all your heart to the Lord” and the Colossians (3:16), “Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly as you teach and admonish one another with all wisdom, and as you sing psalms, hymns and spiritual songs with gratitude in your hearts to God.”

David wrote so many wonderful psalms concerning this very thing. Many times he would start out troubled (as in Ps 64), “Hear Me God as I voice my complaint . . .;” but by the end of the psalm he would be making faith statements and praising God, ”Let the righteous rejoice in the Lord and take refuge in him; let all the upright in heart praise him!”. The Lord even said of David that he was a man after God’s own heart. Psalm 27 tells us, “For in the day of trouble He will conceal me in His tabernacle; in the secret place of His tent He will hide me; He will lift me up on a rock. And now shall my head be lifted up above my enemies round about me; in His tent I will offer sacrifices and shouting of joy; I will sing, yes, I will sing praises to the Lord. Hear, O Lord, when I cry aloud; have mercy and be gracious to me and answer me! You have said, ‘Seek My face [inquire for and require My presence as your vital need].’ My heart says to You , You face (Your presence), Lord, will I seek, inquire for, and require [of necessity and on the authority of Your Word]. Verse 13,14, “[What, what would have become of me] had I not believed that I would see the Lord’s goodness in the land of the living! Wait and hope for and expect the Lord; be brave and of good courage and let your heart be stout and enduring. Yes, wait for and hope for and expect the Lord.”

I would like to close this portion of the Names of God Series with the awesome scripture in Isaiah 40:25-31:

“To whom then will you liken Me, or whom shall be my equal? Says the Holy One. Lift up your eyes on high, and see who has created these things, who brings out their host by number; He calls them all by name, by the greatness of His might and the strength of His power; not one is missing. Why do you say, O Jacob, and speak, O Israel: ‘My way is hidden from the Lord, and my just claim is passed over by my God?’ Have you not known? Have you not heard? The everlasting God, the Lord, the Creator of the ends of the earth, neither faints nor is weary. His understanding is unsearchable. He gives power to the weak, and to those who have no might He increases strength. Even the youths shall faint and be weary, and the young men shall utterly fall, but those who wait on the shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles, they shall run and not be weary, they shall walk and not faint.”


El (The Almighty, Chief, Strong) Elyon

Strong’s H5945 – ‘elyown  לְיוֹן




el·yōn’ (Key)

Parts of Speech

adjective, masculine noun Root Word (Etymology)

From עָלָה (H5927)

The following spelling is supported by Strongs and Gesenius: עליון.

Outline of Biblical Usage: adjective

1) high, upper

    a) of Davidic king exalted above monarchs name

2) Highest, Most High

    a) name of God

    b) of rulers, either monarchs or angel-princes

Authorized Version (KJV) Translation Count — Total: 53

AVHigh 18, most high 9, high 9, upper 8, higher 4, highest 2, above 1, Highest 1, uppermost 1

Our first reference of God’s Name El Elyon is in Genesis 14:18-20,22. Abram had received word that his nephew Lot was taken captive in the raid on Sodom by Chedorlaomer and had rescued him as well as the goods taken with just 318 men (against 4 kings and their men). When the king of Sodom came out to meet Abram, the king of Salem (Melchizedek) was with him and blessed Abram. Melchizedek was also a priest “of the Most High God” and Abram reciprocated by tithing to him.

This characteristic of God, El Elyon, was also proven when the Children of Israel defeated Amalek in Exodus 17, although Moses built an altar and called the name of it Jehovah-nissi (The Lord is my Banner). In Exodus 18, Jethro Moses’ father-in-law referred to El Elyon in verse 10 & 11 when he said, “Blessed be the Lord, Who has delivered you our of the hand of the Egyptians and out of the had of Pharaoh. Who has delivered the people [Israel] from under the hand of the Egyptians. Now I know that the Lord is greater than all gods. Yes, in the [very] thing in which they dealt proudly [He showed Himself infinitely superior to all their gods].” This superiority had definitely been proven in Egypt and at the Red Sea.

Here are some more El Elyon “infinitely superior-to-all-other-gods” victories:

While Samuel (1st Sam 7:10,12) offered up a burnt offering, the Philistines were ready to attack Israel. “But the Lord (El Elyon) thundered with a great voice that day against the Philistines and through them into confusion, and they were defeated (all smitten) before Israel. Samuel erected a stone as a memorial and called it Ebenezer, saying “Heretofore the Lord has helped us.”

When the Ammonites, Moab (sound familiar?), and Mount Seir had come against Judah (2nd Chronicles 20) the Lord (El Elyon) set ambushments against them. Jehoshaphat instructed Israel to dress the Levite singers in their priestly garments and go out before the army of Israel praising God. This caused such confusion among the enemy, they were [self-] slaughtered. The scriptures say that Moab and Ammon (remember, they were the incestuous sons of Lot) “suspected betrayal” from Mount Seir and killed them; and when they had made an end to Seir, they all turned killing each other.

When Gideon (Judges 7), with only three hundred men defeated the Midianites and the Amalekites who were without number; “as grasshoppers for multitude”(vs12). The scripture says that after all 300 blew their trumpets, broke the pitchers and shouted, “The sword of the Lord, and of Gideon,” the Lord set every man’s sword against his fellow, even throughout all the host.

When Joshua (chap.10) was fighting the Amorites (5 kings together) at Gibeon, God gave His people a historical victory. First of all, He instructed Joshua to surprise the enemy after marching all night from Gilgal, which through the Amorites into confusion. Then the task of the slaughter was so great, Joshua prayed that the sun and the moon would stand still until the Amorites were completely defeated. God granted his request and held the sun and the moon in their place until the battle was done, which just happened to be a day (24 hour period of time). Scientists today can trace that moment in time and verified it somehow. The retreat of the Amorites is quite amusing as well as astonishing. Verse 11 says, “As they fled before Israel on the road down from Beth Horon to Azekah, the Lord hurled large hailstones down on them from the sky, and more of them died from the hailstones than were killed by the swords of the Israelites” and verse 13,14 “So the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, till the nation avenged itself on its enemies, as it its written in the Book of Jashar—The sun stopped in the middle of the sky and delayed going down about a full day. There had never been a day like it vefore or since, a day when the Lord listened to a man. Surely the Lord was fighting for Israel! Can you imagine yourself, fleeing a slaughter from the hands of the Israelites and these giant hailstones come raining from heaven and killing everyone around you? Would that put the fear of God in you or what? The remaining of Joshua chapter ten tells of the story of the five Amorite kings who when fleeing, escaped the hailstones and were holed up in a cave at Makkedah. So Joshua ordered his men to roll great stones in front of the mouth of the cave and trap them there until he could arrive. When the slaughter was complete, verse 21 says, “All the people returned to the camp to Joshura at Makkedah in peace; none moved his tongue against any of the Israelites.” I would suspect not, but people are not that bright sometimes. I’ll not take the space to go into how Joshua made a display of the killing of the Amorite kings, but please read verses 22-27 for an inspiring, ceremonial elimination of an enemy.

We could go on and on sighting biblical miracles like little David and the giant Goliath, which began a whole new era of “miracle victories” with David and his men; Daniel in the Lion’s Den and his friends in the furnace; and yes, Jonah in-the-belly-of-the Whale. See, I did pay attention in Sunday School. The many provisional miracles like the widow’s meal barrel, loaves and fishes feedings, Manna in the Wilderness, water from a rock (twice) and so many more. The Bible is chuck full of all kinds of miracles besides the healing of the sick and raising of the dead.

What about “the superior to other gods” happenings we experience each and every day of our lives? Many times I’ve heard testimonies of ministering angels and miracle healings right before people’s eyes. I haven’t been privileged to experience any of those obvious miracles, but remember what Jesus told Thomas, “You believe now because you’ve seen Me, but blessed are they that haven’t seen Me and still believe.” So I feel blessed!

I will, though, never forget the time I was driving in an unfamiliar rural area during a blinding snow storm. Several times I had gone off the road and was fortunate enough to make it back on the road, although the road wasn’t much better to travel on. I was almost out of fuel (that was my fault) so I knew I wouldn’t last long if I did get stuck. I literally called out to God and miraculously a road sign appeared and it was the main highway. To this day I don’t know how I made it there, and after a mile or so traveling on the highway, the storm completely cleared up. The first thing I did when I got to town was fill my gas tank. Even in our stupidity, His mercy never fails. I know for a fact God made that happen for me. Thank you Lord once again.

I park in the back area behind my apartment building in the alley. One night I started my vehicle and attempted to back out quickly. My engine died and I had to restart it. Just at that very moment and car sped by directly behind me. I realized that if my vehicle had started at first, I would have pulled directly into that speeding car’s way and they would have crashed right into me. I know God has hosts of angels that are “in charge” of us and “minister” to us in many ways. These are just more reasons to trust in the Everlasting God.

What about the times God is talking to us about a subject or a person? It seems like (and is) every where we look, in everything we read, there it is again. I can be reading in one end of the Bible, or in a book, or involved in completely unrelated things and there is that reminder of what or who God wants me to attend to. I thank God for His voice, His gentle tap on my one side or the other of His Staff (Spirit) gently guiding me along His paths of righteousness. I also thank Him for His powerful Rod that many times comes whizzing past my head to either change my direction from death to life or take out a predator that was ready to pounce on me unawares.

We don’t ever want to become too accustomed to El Elyon’s special victories, provisions and healings in our lives and of those around us. We always want to stay thankful and appreciative of His loving care, whether it is an obvious miracle or not. “[O Lord] remember [earnestly] my affliction and my misery, my wandering and my outcast state, the wormwood and the gall. My soul has them continually in remembrance and is bowed down within me. BUT this I recall and therefore have I hope and expectation: It is because of the Lord’s mercy and loving-kindness that we are not consumed, because His [tender] compassion’s fail not. They are new every morning; great and abundant is Your stability and faithfulness” (Lamentations 3:19-23).

May the El Eloym and El Olam of our Father God be revealed in our lives. They are true reality, we just need to recognize and be thankful to them as they work in our behalf, and the behalf of those around us. Praise be unto Your Name El Eloym and El Olam, our Most High and Everlasting God!


Qanna (pronounced ka-naw’)

Meaning and Derivation: Qanna is translated as “jealous,” “zealous,” or “envy.” The fundamental meaning relates to a marriage relationship. God is depicted as Israel’s husband; He is a jealous God, wanting all our praise for Himself and no one else.

 For us to “get intimately acquainted” with God, one of the first things we should know is that He is a Jealous God. He is Jealous over us as a consuming fire, therefore His Name is Qanna. The word “jealous” according to Webster means “intolerant of rivalry or unfaithfulness, vigilant in guarding a possession, and apprehensive of the loss of another’s exclusive devotion.” The word “zealous” (qana) means “filled with, characterized by an ardent interest in pursuit of something, fervor or passion.” It also means to “get red in the face, to be provoked into anger.” These descriptions are not usually what we think of when we think of our loving, long-suffering God. But remember, He also said, “My Spirit shall not forever dwell and strive with man, for he also is flesh; but his days shall yet be 120 years” (verse 3). The Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination and intention of all human thinking was only evil continually. And the Lord regretted that He had made man on the earth and He was grieved at heart” (verses 5,6). This was recorded in Genesis 6 and led up to the annihilation of mankind in the great flood. Noah and his family were the only ones saved out of the whole earth.

 God was provoked into anger many times in the Old Testament; here are just a couple references: Exodus 4:14, this was when Moses was making excuses why God could not use him, “Then the anger of the Lord blazed against Moses . . .”; Numbers 11:10, when the Children of Israel were complaining about having only the Manna to eat, “ . . . and the anger of the Lord blazed hotly, and in the eyes of Moses it was evil”. Moses continually warned the Children of Israel about worshiping other gods especially Molech (the chief deity of the Ammonites to whom many Israelites sacrificed their infants in the valley of Hinnom-Leviticus 18:21; 20:3; 2nd Kings 23:10).

 Moab was Lot’s son by his first born daughter and the father of the Moabites to this day. Ben-ammi, the father of the Ammonites, was Lot’s son by his youngest daughter, both were sons of incest (Genesis 19). But God had a special distaste for the Ammonites because they sacrificed their infants to Molech. God said of those who did such sacrifices, “The Lord will not pardon him, but then the anger of the Lord and His jealousy will smoke against that man, and all the curses that are written in this book shall settle on him; the Lord will blot out his very name from under the heavens. And the Lord will single him out for ruin and destruction from all the tribes of Israel, according to all the curses of the covenant that are written in the Book of the Law.” But let’s not get ahead of ourselves here. 

Qanna, used only 6 times in the Old Testament, is first seen in Exodus 20 when God is first giving Moses the Ten Commandments. He said, “You shall not make for yourself a carved image—any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; your shall not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments” (Exodus 20:4-6 NKJV). The second time God gave Moses the Tablets, He promised to drive out the Amorite, Canaanite, Hittite, Perizzite, Hivite and the Jebusite inhabitants of the Promised Land. But He reiterated, “But you shall destroy their altars, break their sacred pillars, and cut down their wooden images (for you shall worship no other god, for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God), lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they play the harlot with their gods and make sacrifice to their gods, and one of them invites you and you eat of his sacrifice, and you take of his daughters for your sons, and his daughters play the harlot with their gods and make your sons play the harlot with their gods. You shall make no molded gods for yourselves” (Exodus 34:11-17).

 When Moses was about to die, God instructed him to “charge (command, encourage and strengthen) Joshua” to pass over Jordan (without Moses) and inhabit the Promised Land. But God also instructed Moses to remind Joshua and the people, “Take heed to yourselves, lest you forget the covenant of the Lord your God which He made with you, and make for yourselves a carved image in the form of anything which the Lord your God has forbidden you. ‘For the Lord your God is a consuming fire, a jealous God’” (Deuteronomy 4:23,24).

In another exhortation of obedience, recorded in Deuteronomy 6, Moses admonished, “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one! You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all you soul, and with all your strength. And these words which I command you today shall be in your heart. You shall teach them diligently (Amp says here to whet and sharpen them so as to make them penetrate) to your children, and shall talk of them when you sit in your house, when you walk by the way, when you lie down, and when you rise up. You shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes. You shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates (so you see them coming in and going out of your house).” Again in verses 15 &16, “(for the Lord your God is a jealous God among you), lest the anger of the Lord your God be aroused against you and destroy you from the face of the earth. You shall not tempt the Lord your God as you tempted Him in Massah (where they murmured and complained against Moses because there was no water Exodus 17:7).” This is especially interesting because Israel actually worshiped Molech, the chief idol of the Ammonites, from time to time. Molech, aka Moloch, Molek was a product of a tribe that came from incestuous relationships with Lot and his oldest and youngest daughters. This was a sinful practice of Sodom and Gomorrah, but as far as I can tell, it never happen in Lot’s family before. God knew that this lineage of sin would have to be broken, that is why He commanded that the children be taught diligently the laws of God. In Genesis 18, one of the reasons God chose Abraham was “For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him and they shall keep the way of the Lord. . .”

Here is the description of the idol Molech and the practice of its worshipers:

Isn’t it interesting that the Children of Israel were deceived into sacrificing their infant children through this worship? To cast their children into Moloch’s arms, but to have them actually fall to their death in the fire within is so deceptive. That is a trademark of the enemy; steal, kill and destroy. Just like the serpent told Eve, ‘Oh, you won’t die, you’ll be as God!’ “There is a way that seems right to a man, but the end thereof is death.” This also has the likeness of our modern day abortion, thinking we are “saving them a life of sorrow” but actually casting them into the fire for our own selfish sin. Why, of all people, did Amon choose this type of god to worship in this way. He and his brother, Moab, being products of incest were possibly treated as such in the family. Obviously neither stayed around Abraham very long, but grew up to be staunch enemies as well as a continuous temptation of God’s chosen for many years to come. They were some of the giants in the Promised Land and the downfall of Solomon through his many wives (be sure your sins will find you out).

 Then, in Joshua 24(14-31), the Children of Israel are challenged (one last time) in a great dissertation by Joshua (begin quote) Now therefore, fear the LORD, serve Him in sincerity and in truth, and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the River and in Egypt. Serve the LORD!
And if it seems evil to you to serve the LORD, choose for yourselves this day whom you will serve, whether the gods which your fathers served that were on the other side of the River, or the gods of the Ammorites, in whose land you dwell. But as for me and my house, we will serve the LORD.”
So the people answered and said: “Far be it from us that we should forsake the LORD to serve other gods; for the LORD our God is He who brought us and our fathers up out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage, who did those great signs in our sight, and preserved us in all the way that we went and among all the people through whom we passed.

And the LORD drove out from before us all the people, including the Amorites who dwelt in the land. We also will serve the LORD, for He is our God.”
But Joshua said to the people, “You cannot serve the LORD, for He is a holy God. He is a jealous (this word is from the Hebrew word“qannow” which is derived from the root word QANNA) God; He will not forgive your transgressions nor your sins. If you forsake the LORD and serve foreign gods, then He will turn and do you harm and consume you, after He has done you good.”
And the people said to Joshua, “No, but we will serve the LORD!”
So Joshua said to the people, “You are witnesses against yourselves that you have chosen the LORD for yourselves, to serve Him.” And they said, “We are witnesses!”
“Now therefore,” he said, “put away the foreign gods which are among you, and incline your heart to the LORD God of Israel.”
And the people said to Joshua, “The LORD our God we will serve, and His voice we will obey!” So Joshua made a covenant with the people that day, and made for them a statute and an ordinance in Shechem.
Then Joshua wrote these words in the Book of the Law of God. And he took a large stone, and set it up there under the oak that was by the sanctuary of the LORD.
And Joshua said to all the people, “Behold, this stone shall be a witness to us, for it has heard all the words of the LORD which He spoke to us. It shall therefore be a witness to you, lest you deny your God.”
So Joshua let the people depart, each to his own inheritance.
Now it came to pass after these things that Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the LORD, died, being one hundred and ten years old. And they buried him within the border of his inheritance at Timnath Serah, which is in the mountains of Ephraim, on the north side of Mount Gaash. Israel served the LORD all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders who outlived Joshua, who had known all the works of the LORD which He had done for Israel. (end quote)

 In Zechariah (1:14; 8:1-8), the Lord of Hosts declares that He is jealous for Jerusalem and over Zion with a great jealousy and wrath against her enemies. He promises that “Old men and women shall again dwell in Jerusalem and sit out in the streets, every man with his staff in his hand for very advanced age. And the streets of the city shall be full of boys and girls playing in its streets. Thus says the Lord of hosts: Because it will be marvelous in the eyes of the remnant of this people in those days in which it comes to pass, should it also be marvelous in My eyes?”

 The Lord is zealous, eager and passionate, to restore what is rightfully ours in Him. But first we must put Him in His rightful place in our lives . . . FIRST. Most all of the scriptures about God’s jealousy point directly at our seeking out and worshiping other gods. Spiritual Adultery, as it is so directly put, “playing the harlot” (Exodus 34). Harlot and Whore are some pretty harsh words but are used in the scriptures to describe the spiritual adultery we commit when we place other (gods) before our Lord. These “gods” can be anything from material things (God really hates molten images) to ways of thinking, attitudes or philosophies. Our status, for example even in the spiritual community, can worm its way before God in certain instances.

 Paul wrote in the 3rd chapter of Colossians: So kill (deaden, deprive of power) the evil desire lurking in your members [those animal impulses and all that is earthly in you that is employed in sin]: sexual vice, impurity, sensual appetites, unholy desires, and all greed and covetousness, for that is idolatry (the deifying of self and other created things instead of God).

We seem to take the things that God has provided for us spiritually (like talents, anointings or ministries) and use them to manipulate others. If we are not careful, our tendency (of the flesh) is to operate in extremes. We eat too much, or not enough. We sleep too much, or not enough. We talk too much, or not enough. We work too much, or not enough. We can even do too much in the church and neglect our marriage or family’s needs. We can hide ourselves in church work and miss the will of God in our lives completely. I know, I’ve done it. That’s why Paul wrote the Philippians (4:5), “Let your moderation be known unto all men . . .” This word moderation is translated “unselfishness, considerateness, forbearing spirit” in the Amplified, but in the original Greek it also means, “seemly, suitable, equitable and fair” and I like that, because it is the opposite of extreme. Paul basically said, “be known as a person of moderation!” We can still be passionate, eager to help and faithful in generosity, just add a little temperance to the mix.

 Anyway, back to what makes God jealous. When we withhold our affection from Him or give it to something or someone else, God is jealous. We are instructed to “guard our heart” (Philippians 4:7) so our affections are not mislead or abused by the world. Our heart condition means everything, as we saw in Redemption, Sanctification and Righteousness. Our outward acts can just become lip service or eye service and not involve the true heart-felt obedience and service God deserves. Patronizing is a word that keeps coming to me and after researching the word several different ways, I’m sticking with my understanding of it in the following example. To me when we patronize someone, we say or do what they want, but really in a condescending way. It is condescending because it appears we are trying to please them, but our motive isn’t pure.

 We have selfish reasons for doing these things that please them which are lead by a desire to “get them off our back” so we can go on and do whatever it is we want to do. This practice is also called “lip service” which is saying the right thing, but doing another. “Eye service” is another impure act and is referred to in the scriptures when servants are just doing what is right for their masters when they are watching. We’ve all worked with that type of person (we usually call them “slackers” or “yes-men”) that will eagerly agree with the boss and do their job when he or she is around, but as soon as they leave, back to the same old routine—slacking. This type of service given to God “kindles His anger”. He sees all things, that’s why what is done in secret will be revealed openly, good or bad (Luke 8:17). He also sees inside us and knows our hearts (Luke 16;15) and we need to be sure we are not just “going through the motions” in our worship and service of our Lord Jesus Christ.

 Paul explained this spiritual condition as “sleeping ”, when he was admonishing the Corinthians (1st Corinthians 1:30) about their frivolous attitude toward partaking of the sacred act of Communion. He also admonished them in 1st Corinthians 10, “For I do not want you to be ignorant, brethren, that our forefathers were all under and protected by the cloud [in which God’s Presence went before them], and every one of them passed safely through the [Red] Sea. And each one of them [allowed himself also] to be baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea [they were thus brought under obligation to the Law, to Moses, and to the covenant, consecrated and set apart to the service of God]; And all [ of them] ate the same spiritual (supernaturally given) food, And they all drank the same spiritual (supernaturally given) drink. For they drank from a spiritual Rock which followed them [produced by the sole power of God Himself without natural instrumentality], and the Rock was Christ. Nevertheless, God was not pleased with the great majority of them, for they were overthrown and strewn down along [the ground] in the wilderness. Now these things are examples (warnings and admonitions) for us not to desire or crave or covet or lust after evil and carnal things as they did. Do not be worshipers of false gods as some of them were, as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink [the sacrifices offered to the golden calf at Horeb] and rose to sport (to dance and give way to jesting and hilarity). We must not gratify evil desire and indulge in immorality as some of them did—and twenty-three thousand [suddenly] fell dead in a single day! We should not tempt the Lord [try His patience, become a trial to Him, critically appraise Him, and exploit His goodness] as some of them did—and were killed by poisonous serpents; Nor discontentedly complain as some of them did—and were put out of the way entirely by the destroyer (death). Now these things befell them by way of a figure [as an example and warning to us]; they were written to admonish and fit us for right action by good instruction, we in whose days the ages have reached their climax (their consummation and concluding period). Therefore let anyone who thinks he stands [who feels sure that he has a steadfast mind and is standing firm], take heed lest he fall [into sin].”

 Paul goes on to encourage the Corinthians that there is no trial or temptation that befalls us that will be too hard for us to endure and within God has not already given us a way of escape. Because of God’s faithfulness, we can be assured He will help us if our hearts are honest before him and we don’t just serve Him with lip-service.

 Before researching for this article, I didn’t realize how excited God is about us. He is Jealous for our affections, Zealous to restore and do good for us. The following are actions we generally don’t think of God doing: He shouts over us (Jeremiah 25:30); He sings over us (Zephaniah 3:17); He rejoices over us (and His voice makes the mountains skip like a calf, like a young wild ox); His Presence causes the sea to flee and the mountains skip like rams and the little hills like lambs (Psalms 29,114). What an awesome God we serve, and He is Jealous over US? If we are not careful, we become too familiar with God as our “buddy” and one who listens to us complain about this and that, forgetting that He is the Almighty God and His Son bears the Name above all other names. We need to enjoy our journey to know Him, but also revere and obey Him.

If you will not be watchful to do all the words of this law that are written in this book, that you may [reverently] fear this glorious and fearful name [and presence]—THE LORD YOUR GOD—(Jehovah Elohim). For we know Him Who said, Vengeance is Mine [retribution and the meting out of full justice rest with Me]; I will repay [I will judge and determine and solve and settle the cause and the cases of His people]. It is a fearful (formidable and terrible) thing to incur the divine penalties and be cast into the hands of the living God!” (Deuteronomy 28:58; Hebrews 10:30,31)

And God’s peace [shall be yours, that tranquil state of a soul assured of its salvation through Christ, and so fearing nothing from God and being content with its earthly lot of whatever sort that is, that peace] which transcends all understanding shall garrison and mount guard over your hearts and minds in Christ Jesus.” (Philippians 4:7) Amen.

 NOTE: As we study these different Names of God, we can really start to understand that He purchased us (Goaleka My Redeemer ) from eternal damnation, set us apart (Mekaddishkem My Sanctification) for Himself, clothed us (Tsidkenu My Righteousness) in right standing in Him, is jealous and zealous over us (Qanna) because He has entered into an intimate relationship with us (Ishi our Husband) and we are One. They are progressive, but we have chosen to study the single word names and the “Els” first, then close with the Jehovah hyphenated names we like to call “The Jehovahs, Names of Promise”.

 Ishi (pronounced yish·ē’) Strong’s H376 – ‘iysh  אִישׁ




ēsh (Key)

Part of Speech

masculine noun Root Word (Etymology)

Contracted for אֱנוֹשׁ (H582) [or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant]

Outline of Biblical Usage

1) man

    a) man, male (in contrast to woman, female)

    b) husband

    c) human being, person (in contrast to God)

    d) servant

    e) mankind

    f) champion

    g) great man

2) whosoever

3) each (adjective)

Authorized Version (KJV) Translation Count — Total: 1639

AVman 1002, men 210, one 188, husband 69, any 27, misc 143

 Hosea 2:14-17 Therefore I will allure her, will bring her into the wilderness, and speak comfort to her. I will give her her vineyards from there, as in the days of her youth, as in the day when she came up from the land of Egypt. “And it shall be, in that day,” Says the Lord, “Than you will call me (Ishi) ‘My Husband’ and no longer call Me (Baali) ‘My Master,’ for I will take from her mouth the names of the Baals, and they shall be remembered no more.”

 Let us set the stage for this scripture: God is speaking of the restoration of the nation of Israel. He is bringing all the charges against Israel through the prophet Hosea, even to the point of the prophet’s personal illustration. After listing the numerous sins of whore-dome and idolatry, God then lists all the judgments He plans to invoke upon them. As usual, the soft heart of God turns towards His people and He once again devises a plan to bring them back to Him.

 To help us understand this plan a little better, we’ve added the following excerpt from the Commentary of Matthew Henry on this portion of scripture.

II. That, though they had been much addicted to the worship of Baal, they should now be perfectly weaned from it, should relinquish and abandon all appearances of idolatry and approaches towards it, and cleave to God only, and worship him as he appoints, v. 16, 17. Note, The surest pledge and token of God’s favor to any people is his effectual parting between them and their beloved sins. The worship of Baal was the sin that did most easily beset the people of Israel; it was their own iniquity, the sin that had dominion over them; but now that idolatry shall be quite abolished, and there shall not be the least remains of it among them. 1. The idols of Baal shall not be mentioned, not any of the Baals that in the days of Baalim had made so great a noise with, O Baal! hear us; O Baal! hear us. The very names of Baalim shall be taken out of their mouths; they shall be so disused that they shall be quite forgotten, as if their names had never been known in Israel; they shall be so detested that people will not bear to mention them themselves, nor to hear others mention them, so that posterity shall scarcely know that ever there were such things. They shall be so ashamed of their former love to Baal that they shall do all they can to blot out the remembrance of it. They shall tie themselves up to the strictest literal meaning of that law against idolatry (Ex. 23:13), Make no mention of the names of other gods, neither let it be heard out of thy mouth, as David, Ps. 16:4. Thus the apostle expresses the abhorrence we ought to have of all fleshly lusts: Let them not be once named among you, Eph. 5:3. But how can such a change of the Ethiopian’s skin be wrought? It is answered, The power of God can do it, and will. I will take away the names of Baalim; as Zec. 13:2, I will cut off the names of the idols. Note, God’s grace in the heart will change the language by making that iniquity to be loathed which was beloved. Zep. 3:9, I will turn to the people a pure language. One of the rabbin says, This promise relates to the Gentiles, by the gospel of Christ, from the idolatries which they had been wedded to, 1 Th. 1:9. 2. The very word Baal shall be laid aside, even in its innocent signification. God says, Thou shalt call me Ishi, and call me no more Baali; both signify my husband, and both had been made use of concerning God. Isa. 54:5, Thy Maker is thy husband, thy Baal (so the word is), thy owner, patron, and protector. It is probable that many good people had, accordingly, made use of the word Baali in worshiping the God of Israel; when their wicked neighbors bowed the knee to Baal they gloried in this, that God was their Baal. “But,’’ says God, “you shall call me so no more, because I will have the very names of Baalim taken away.’’ Note, That which is very innocent in itself should, when it has been abused to idolatry, be abolished, and the very use of it taken away, that nothing may be done to keep idols in remembrance, much less to keep them in reputation. When calling God Ishi will do as well, and signify as much, as Baali, let that word be chosen rather, lest, by calling him Baali, others should be put in mind of their quondam Baals. Some think that there is another reason intimated why God would be called Ishi and not Baali; they both signify my husband, but Ishi is a compellation of love, and sweetness, and familiarity, Baali of reverence and subjection. Ishi is vir meus—my man; Baali is dominus meus—my lord. In gospel-times God has so revealed himself to us as to encourage us to come boldly to the throne of his grace, and to use a holy humble freedom there; we ought to call God our Master, for so he is, but we are more taught to call him our Father. Ishi is a man the Lord (Gen. 4:1), and intimates that in gospel-times the church’s husband shall be the man Christ Jesus, made like unto his brethren, and therefore they shall call him Ishi, not Baali.

 Two things (at least) here really, God wanted to change our speech. No more are we to even insinuate anything (words, names of affection, etc) that was used in our former love affair with sin. Just as Lot’s wife disobediently looked back at Sodom and Gomorrah (Gen 19) during their destruction and was turned into a pillar of salt, we run the same risk if we look back. To the person who wanted to follow Jesus, but first wanted to go back home to say goodbye, Jesus said, “No one who puts his hand to the plow and looks back [to the things behind] is fit for the kingdom of God” (Luke 9:62).

 So we see God calling us to another level of intimacy, by calling Him Ishi which transliteration is “iysh” meaning my husband, my man. Remember the name Qanna” at the beginning of this article portrays God as a jealous husband of Israel, so really the two names intertwine. This Hebrew word “iysh” is only used this one time in reference to God as “Ishi”, but 1639 times in the Old Testament with the majority of the time translated as “man, men, husband and as one (person)”. As a matter of fact, this word is used to describe the intimacy that Eve shared with Adam upon creation. The word “man” translated from “Adam” in Genesis 2:22 KJV, became “Man” translated from “iysh” in the very next verse 23 (notice the capital letter M). After that, in verse 24, the translated word “man” (small letter m) is translated from the word “iysh” or “the one, my man, husband.” Another really interesting aspect to this is the meaning of the word “one” in (verse 24) “Therefore shall a man (iysh) leave his father and mother and cleave unto his wife, and they shall become one flesh”. This word “one” means “each, every, only, once, once for all” and then I love this meaning “one. . .another, the one . . . the other, one after another, one by one, first”. Man, (and I don’t mean ishi) if that doesn’t sound like marriage, I don’t know what does. Preferring one another, allowing one to go ahead of the other, first one and then the other. Then I like that last meaning: “first”. Every successful relationship has to have this quality of considering the other partner first, actually one of the meanings to “iysh” is also “servant”. Let the greatest among you be servant unto all, Jesus said (Matt 20:27). This word “servant” means one who gives himself up wholly to anothers will. First of all, if we would treat the Lord in this way, we wouldn’t have near the frustration in our lives. Second of all, if we treated our fellow man in this way, especially those of the Household of Faith, what a gloriously abundant life we would share.

 In Isaiah 54, the prophet is so vivid in his description of this courtship: “Shout for joy (sing in other translations) O barren one, you who have borne no child; Break forth into joyful shouting (song) and cry aloud , you who have not travailed; for the sons of the desolate one will be more numerous than the sons of the married woman,” says the Lord. Enlarge the place of your tent; stretch out the curtains of your dwellings, spare not; lengthen your cords and strengthen your pegs. For you will spread abroad to the right and to the left. And your descendants will posses nations and will resettle the desolate cities.” Fear not, for you will not be put to shame; and do not feel humiliated, for you will not be disgraced; but you will forget the shame of your youth, and the reproach of your widowhood you will remember no more. For you husband [yishi] is your Maker, and your Redeemer is the Holy One of Israel, Who is called the God of all the earth. For the Lord has called you, like a wife forsaken and grieved in spirit, even like a wife of one’s youth when she is rejected,” says your God. “For a brief moment I forsook you, but with great compassion I will gather you. In an outburst of anger I hid My face from you for a moment. But with everlasting loving-kindness I will have compassion on you,” says the Lord your Redeemer.”For this is like the days of Noah to Me, when I swore that the waters of Noah would not flood the earth again; so I have sworn that I will not be angry with you nor will I rebuke you. For the mountains may be removed and the hills may shake, but My loving-kindness will not be removed from you, and My covenant of peace will not be shaken,” says the Lord who has compassion on you. “O afflicted one, storm-tossed and not comforted, Behold I will set your stones in antimony, and your foundations I will lay in sapphires, moreover, I will make your battlements of rubies, and your gates of crystal, and your entire wall of precious stones. All your sons will be taught of the Lord; and the well-being of your sons will be great. In righteousness you will be established; you will be far from oppression, for you will not fear; and from terror, for it will not come near you. If anyone fiercely assails you it will not be from Me. Whoever assails you will fall because of you. Behold I Myself have created the smith that blows the fire of coals and brings out a weapon for its work; and I have created the destroyer to ruin. No weapon that is formed against you will prosper; and every tongue that accuses you in judgment you will condemn. This is the heritage of the servants of the Lord, and their vindication is from Me,” declares the Lord.

 What a beautiful love story. This is the love story of a God who gave His one and only Son to buy back our lives from sin so He can be the Father of many such sons (through Christ). That is why the Spirit of Adoption cries out “Abba, Father” which means “Daddy”. Galatians 4:26,27 describes the Jerusalem above (the Messianic kingdom of Christ) as free, and the mother of us all. We are to be the Bride of Christ at the end of the ages, yet a son as well, aren’t you glad there are not male or females in God? We can be all of them, just like He is with all these Names of Promise that attempt to describe Him. The portion of this covenant that is ours to fulfill is “to believe” and live strengthened in the new man.

 Paul was so eloquent when he described the difference between the characteristics of the old man and the new man in Colossians 3. He begins the chapter by exhorting the Church in Colosse: If then you have been raised with Christ [to a new life, thus sharing His resurrection from the dead], aim at and seek the [rich, eternal treasures] that are above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God. And set your minds and keep them set on what is above (the higher things), not on the things that are on the earth. For [as far as this world is concerned] you have died, and your [new, real] life is hidden with Christ in God.

 What a safe place for us to dwell; hidden with Christ, inside of God. He goes before us, He is our rear guard  (rereward) and is also inside of us (Christ in me the Hope glory). This is my one of my favorite illustrations, using the target to show how “hidden” we are in Him.

You and I are in the center of the target red,

Christ is the white circle and God is the outside red.

Our lives are hidden, meaning “keep secret, concealed and covered” in Christ in God, until an appointed time when they will be revealed, manifested if you will. This is the manifestation that all creation groans for (Romans 8), this is the wisdom hidden in a mystery that was ordained before the foundation of the world (1st Cor. 2 & 15). A great mystery that only God through His Holy Spirit can reveal to us as His Children; Paul speaks about in Romans 11, Ephesians 3 and Colossians 1.

When Christ, Who is our life, appears, then you also will appear with Him in [the splendor of His] glory. So kill (deaden, deprive of power) the evil desire lurking in your members [those animal impulses and all that is earthly in you that is employed in sin]: sexual vice, impurity, sensual appetites, unholy desires, and all greed and covetousness, for that is idolatry (the deifying of self and other created things instead of God). It is on account of these [very sins] that the [holy] anger of God is ever coming upon the sons of disobedience (those who are obstinately opposed to the divine will), among whom you also once walked, when you were living in and addicted to [such practices].

BUT NOW (remember, good but), put away and rid yourselves [completely] of all these things: anger, rage, bad feeling toward others, curses and slander, and foulmouthed abuse and shameful utterances from your lips! Do not lie to one another,for you have stripped off the old (unregenerate) self with its evil practices, and have clothed yourselves with the new [spiritual self], which is [ever in the process of being] renewed and remolded into [fuller and more perfect knowledge upon] knowledge after the image (the likeness) of Him Who created it.

[In this new creation all distinctions vanish.] There is no room for and there can be neither Greek nor Jew, circumcised nor uncircumcised, [nor difference between nations whether alien] slave or free man; but Christ is all and in all [everything and everywhere, to all men, without distinction of person.]

Clothe yourselves therefore, as God’s own chosen ones (His own picked representatives), [who are] purified and holy and well-beloved [by God Himself, by putting on behavior marked by] tenderhearted pity and mercy, kind feeling, a lowly opinion of yourselves, gentle ways, [and] patience [which is tireless and long-suffering, and has the power to endure whatever comes, with good temper]. Be gentle and forbearing* with one another and, if one has a difference (a grievance or complaint) against another, readily pardoning each other; even as the Lord has [freely] forgiven you, so must you also [forgive]. And above all these [put on] love and enfold yourselves with the bond of perfectness [which binds everything together completely in ideal harmony]. *{The Greek word translated here as “forbearing” simply means to “stake up”. Similar to the “staking up” we would do to a tomato plant once the fruit has set on. This action avoids the branches from breaking and cutting of the life giving flow to the fruit, but also keeps the unripened fruit off the ground where insects and rotting might spoil it before its maturity. The only other option is to pick it green and let it ripen in some dark, cool environment which make is lose some of it’s nutrients and good taste. No one (usually) likes to eat an unripened piece of fruit, it is usually grainy and bitter to the taste. Here’s a tip: If your brother or sister’s fruit tastes a little sour, just “stake ’em up” for a little while longer! When we “stake up” one another so our spiritual fruit will not perish before it is fully ripe and ready for the Master’s use, we are showing our love for one another and displays it to the world as disciples of our precious Jesus.}*

This is all well and good, but how are we supposed to act in all these awesome, Godly ways? Everyone wants to act this way, but the truth of the matter is, we cannot do this in our own power, it takes God working in us to will and do His good pleasure. Take courage, my friend, because remember Ishi also means “husbandman”. He will then to us as the Master Gardener pruning, fertilizing, watering so we bear the Fruits of the Spirit in season and out. Well, Paul continues with some other “Tools of the Spirit” (besides pruning shears and shovels):

The Staff—And let the peace (soul harmony which comes) from Christ rule (act as an umpire continually) in your hearts [deciding and settling with finality all questions that arise in your minds, in that peaceful state] to which as [members of Christ’s] one body you were also called [to live]. And be thankful (appreciative), [giving praise to God always].

This sounds like the work of the Holy Spirit; the still, small voice in the midst of many distractions. We need to let the peace of God guide us to know what is “in and out of bounds”, what is “foul” and what is “fair”. I like this condition in which these calls are to be made; deciding (and settling with finality) all questions in that “peaceful state of mind”. Not when our emotions are running high, or we are angry, hurt, disappointed, excited, jubilant, or any of the such. We must be able to feel the gentle tap of the Shepherd’s Staff to our side to let us know where He wants us to turn or go, and the only time we can sense such a gentle leading is when we are engulfed in peaceful meditation. Also a thankful, appreciative attitude is conducive to hearing God’s voice of direction. To finish it all off, giving praise to God always is the perfect wrapping paper for the perfect gift. It is impossible to truly praise God with a rebellious attitude.

The Rod—Let the word [spoken by] Christ (the Messiah) have its home [in your hearts and minds] and dwell in you in [all its] richness, as you teach and admonish and train one another in all insight and intelligence and wisdom [in spiritual things, and as you sing] psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, making melody to God with [His] grace in your hearts. And whatever you do [no matter what it is] in word or deed, do everything in the name of the Lord Jesus and in [dependence upon] His Person, giving praise to God the Father through Him . . . Whatever may be your task, work at it heartily (from the soul), as [something done] for the Lord and not for men, knowing [with all certainty] that it is from the Lord [and not from men] that you will receive the inheritance which is your [real] reward. [The One Whom] you are actually serving [is] the Lord Christ (the Messiah).

God being our husband and we being His wife, we can understand more about why He is jealous over us. Remember this paragraph in the “Qanna” Article? “The following are actions we generally don’t think of God doing: He shouts over us (Jeremiah 25:30); He sings over us (Zephaniah 3:17); He rejoices over us (and His voice makes the mountains skip like a calf, like a young wild ox); His Presence causes the sea to flee and the mountains skip like rams and the little hills like lambs (Psalms 29,114). What an awesome God we serve, and He is Jealous over US?”

God places the need for Him in us when making us in His image Genesis 1:26, “Let Us [Father, Son, and Holy Spirit] make mankind in Our image, after Our likeness . . .” Back in Evangelism Class (we’re talking the late sixties now) we were taught that each of us were created with a “God-shaped vacuum” and we would never be happy without that need fulfilled. I think that is still a great illustration today. He made us so He could have fellowship with us, love us, save us and enjoy us. He loves us (just the way we are) with an everlasting love (that won’t leave us where we are). He has a future for us, gives us good gifts and wants to bless us in every facet of our lives. He wants the very best for us and is zealous to restore us to His righteousness, or complete right standing with God, in Christ Jesus.

Ishi and Qanna are just two of the Names of Promise that will keep us loved and protected, nurtured and corrected. Thank you Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Amen.


A Promise is a Promise
The Promises of Jehovah:

Jehovah’s Names are His Promises to us, there is no one higher than Him, so He swears by Himself that these Promises can be redeemed by us through Jesus, since He Himself is the fulfillment of all the Names or Promises of God the Father. Jesus gave His life, spilled His Blood for the Surety of these Promises. Christ, then, was Jehovah Himself become incarnate, God manifest in the flesh. Jehovah was the Covenant name, and in Christ, God was mindful of His gracious covenant. Our Lord Jesus Christ Himself is described in almost 300 ways in the Word, either directly by name or indirectly by metaphor, or figure of speech, and all combined prove His power and willingness to fulfill His promised word on our behalf.

There is general recognition of the fact that Jehovah was the specific name of the God of the Israelites as distinguished from the deities or tribal gods of the surrounding Gentile nations. Such a name was first revealed to Moses when shepherding his flocks at Horeb, in Exodus 3:15. In Psalm 83:18 Asaph wrote, “That men may know that thou, whose name alone is JEHOVAH, art the most high over all the earth.”

Another guarantee of fulfillment is in the very names of God. What an evangel each one of His Jehovah titles contains! Among the names given to the Divine Being in the Old Testament, that of Jehovah, is most frequently employed, occurring no fewer than 6823 times: other designations are used less often-Elohim 2570 times, Adonai 134 times and Shaddai 39 times. Each name or designation is a promise, let’s look closer at these Names of Promise. Jehovah means Lord, so every name is preceded by Jehovah or “The Lord My . . .” **


Jehovah Elohim The Lord my God.

Jehovah Adonai The Lord my Lord.

Jehovah (El) Shaddai The Lord God Almighty (all sufficient One). Gen17:1;28:3; Ex6:3;Rev 1:8;4:8;11:17;15:3;21:22

Jehovah Jireh The Lord my Provider. Gen 22:14; Philip 4:19; Deut 33:26

Jehovah Rophi The Lord my Miracle Healer. Ex 15:26; Ps 42:4;103:13; Hos 7:1; Rev 22:2

Jehovah Nissi The Lord my Banner, Shield. Ex 17:15; Gen15:1; II Sam 23:2; Ps 3:3;20:5;60:4; Isa 49:22

Jehovah Shalom The Lord my Peace. Ps 29:11; Prov 3:2,17; Isa 9:6;26:3; 54:10; John 14:27;16:33; Eph 2:4; Col 3:15

Jehovah Shammah The Lord is there or always with us. Gen:28:15; 26:28;39:2; Ex 33:14; Ps 23:3; Matt 1:23;28:20; Heb 13:5

Jehovah Rohi The Lord my Shepherd. Ps 23:1;95:7;100:3; Isa 40:11;53:6; I Peter 2:25; 5:4

Jehovah Raah The Lord—the Shepherd. Gen 49:24;John 10:16;16:14; Heb 13:20

Jehovah Isabaoth The Lord of Hosts. I Chron 12:22; I Kings 19:10; Ps 24:7,10;46:7,11;Amos 5:27; Rom 9:29

Jehovah Goaleka The Lord my Redeemer. Job 19:25; Ps 25:22;31:5;74:2;103:7;106:10; Isa 44:6,22;62:12; Rom 3:24; Eph 1:7

Jehovah Tsidkenu The Lord my Righteousness. Jer 23:6;33:16; Ps 17:15;71:16; Isa 5:16;11:5; Daniel 9:7; Rom 5:31;6:13; Heb 11:7

Jehovah Mekaddishkem The Lord my Sanctification. Ex 15:11;31:13; Eze 37:28; I Cor 1:2;6:11;I Thess 5:23

God’s omnipotence insures His ability to perform all that He has promised. All God’s promises, secret and open, are guaranteed performances, seeing all power is His in heaven and earth.

Pray to Jehovah, in the Name of Jesus Christ His Son, the Divine Promises of His Name. Search the scriptures and lay hold of His Promises for you and yours.


**Text taken from “All the Promises of the Bible” by Dr. Herbert Lockyer**

Copyright 1962 by Zondervan Publishing House Grand Rapids, MI

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